The way you use PowerShell for SharePoint Online (SPO) is a bit different than with SharePoint Server.
You don’t have access to the SPO servers, and you have way less cmdlets available compared to SharePoint Server.
But thanks to very nice people out there, we can now use SharePoint PnP (Patterns & Practices) to create or retrieve things easily.
For more info on PnP, please visit the official documentation.
Download & install the SharePoint PnP module
Before you can use the SharePoint PnP cmdlets, you need to download and install the module.
This is available on GitHub – SharePoint PnP PowerShell.
Connect to the SPO site
Once the PnP module is installed, we need to connect first to the site collection, where you wish to create the Content Type (CT).
Connect-PnPOnline -Url https://<tenant>.sharepoint.com/sites/newteamsite -Credentials (Get-Credential)
Note that the cmdlets start with “PnP”
Get the Parent Content Type
If we want to create a content type, where the parent content type is “Document” (like when creating via the interface), we need to retrieve the info for that Document CT.
And let’s store this in a variable
$ParentCT = Get-PnPContentType -Identity Document
Create the content type
Now it’s time to create the content type itself to the chosen SharePoint site.
Add-PnPContentType -Name "MyNewCT" -Description "New CT created with PnP" -Group "MyCustomCTGroupPnp" -ParentContentType $ParentCT
- Navigate to SPO
- Go to Site settings >> Site content types
And check out the newly created content type!
If your group didn’t exist prior to running the cmdlet, PnP will create it for you.
If you don’t specify a parent, the “ParentContentType” will be the item itself.
Assign the new Content Type to a Library
The goal now is to use this content type in a library. We can also set it as Default while we’re at it…
- I have created a library in SPO called “My Perso Library“
- Allow management of content types is set to the default (No) – No need to enable it prior to running the cmdlet
$MyCT = "MyNewCT" Add-PnPContentTypeToList -List "My Perso Library" -ContentType $MyCT -DefaultContentType